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:: Volume 17, Number 2 (summer 2017) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2017, 17(2): 241-251 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Dietary Habits and Serum Nitrate Levels in Patients with Esophageal Cancer and Healthy Individuals
Reza Alipanah_Moghadam, Sara Hosseinzadeh, Ali Nemati , Abbas Naghizadeh Baghi, Vadood Malekzadeh
Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (355 Views)
Background & objectives: The relationship between dietary patterns and esophageal cancer has not been documented yet. However, recent studies have shown that the Western dietary pattern is associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer. The current study was performed a comparative evaluation of the food habits and serum nitrate level in patients with esophageal cancer and healthy individuals in Gorgan city.
Methods: In a case-control study, 44 patients with esophageal cancer (the case group) and 44 healthy subjects (control group) were selected for one year in Gorgan city. Anthropometric factors were measured, and then demographic and dietary data were recorded using general and food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), respectively. Fasting blood samples from both groups were collected to measure serum nitrate levels. Data were analyzed by independent t-test, Chi-square, Fisher, and Monte Carlo tests.
Results: the mean weight, body mass index (BMI) and serum nitrate levels were statistically lower in the case group than in control group (p<0.05). Salt intake, smoking cigarette or hookah was higher in patients than in control group (p<0.05). Based on nutritional habits , consumption of bread , rice, saturated fats, hot tea, sausages and industrial soft drinks was statistically higher in the patient group than control group, but intake of vegetables, fruits, unsaturated fats, honey and grilled meat was lower in patients  than control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Consumption of fast foods, hot tea and saturated fats may be associated with esophageal cancer. Serum nitrate levels were lower in patients than control group, probably indicating the need for further research in this field.
Keywords: Esophageal Cancer, Food Habits, Serum Nitrate
Full-Text [PDF 157 kb]   (130 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2016/10/22 | Accepted: 2017/05/20 | Published: 2017/07/1
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Alipanah_Moghadam R, Hosseinzadeh S, Nemati A, Naghizadeh Baghi A, Malekzadeh V. Comparison of Dietary Habits and Serum Nitrate Levels in Patients with Esophageal Cancer and Healthy Individuals. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2017; 17 (2) :241-251
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1383-en.html
Volume 17, Number 2 (summer 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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