:: Volume 13, Issue 3 (autumn 2013) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2013, 13(3): 327-336 Back to browse issues page
Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer among Women Referred to Health Services Centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Afsaneh Vaisy *, Shirin Lotfinejad, Faiegh Zhian
Abstract:   (8261 Views)

  Background & Objectives: Cervical cancer is the third common cancer among women in United States and in developing countries cervical cancer is supposed as the first or second common cancer of female reproductive system. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between cervical cancer and its risk factors in Iranian women.

  Methods: This is an observational, retrospective study. A total of 128 patients with confirmed diagnosis of cervical cancer were compared with the control group of 128 healthy women. The risk factors such as age, age of the first pregnancy, abortion, termination of pregnancy, number of pregnancy and the socioeconomic status were compared and analyzed by Student's t-distribution test, Fisher’s and Pearson’s statistical methods.

  Results: The following odds ratio can be concluded from the study: Marital status 2.71, having multiple sexual partners 3.33, marriage under the age of 16 1.61, use of oral contraceptives 3.072 and using cauterization and cryotherapy were 0.6.

  Conclusion: This study showed that marital status, having multiple sexual partners, low marital age and history of using oral contraceptive consumption increase the possibility of cervical cancer.

Keywords: Cervical Cancer; Oral Contraceptive; Sexual Behaviors
Full-Text [PDF 154 kb]   (2551 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/10/30 | Accepted: 2013/05/12 | Published: 2013/09/23

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 13, Issue 3 (autumn 2013) Back to browse issues page