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:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (spring 2005) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2005, 5(1): 65-69 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Children’s Behavior in Dental Offices and Their Mothers’ Personality Characteristics
Saeid Mahmood Tabatabaei , Hosein Nematollahi, Faride Shakeri Manesh
Abstract:   (6540 Views)

 Background & Objectives:Understanding children’s behavior and its affecting factors is the foundation for practicing dentistry for children effectively and, at the same time instilling a positive dental attitude into them. A number of studies have been done in this regard during the last three decades. This study is another attempt to find out proper strategies in order to control and optimize the diagnostic and trearment measures as well as to investigate the effect of mothers ’ personality characteristics on children ’ s behavior.

 Methods: The sample consisted of 104 randomly selected children (53 boys and 51 girls) at the age of 3 to 6 together with their mothers. The children had no previous dental experiences and no mental or physical disabilities entailing special care. Children’s behavior was assessed during three different dental visits according to Frankle ’ s Behavioral Rating Scale, in which four distinctive scales, namely absolutely negative, negative, positive and absolutely positive were precisely defined and scaled. The first visit was dental examination, the second was fluoride therapy and the last one was restorative dental treatment. Meanwhile, their mothers ’ personalities were determined through an interview conducted by a psychiatrist and based on DSMIV criteria and using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) these personality characteristics were categorized in four groups: Normal, Depressed, Anxious and Obsessional.

 Results:The findings revealed that 12.5% of children had no cooperation during 3 visits, most of whom were 3 to 4 years old. The difference was significant compared to 4-5 and 5-6 year old children (p<0.05). In addition, sex did not influence children ’ s behavior. This study showed that children of mothers with obsessional personality were the most cooperative ones during the 3 visits compared to mothers with other personality characteristics. This difference was statistically significant at the first visit, (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: Mother ’ s personality has the strongest effect on children’s behavior during the first dental visit.

Keywords: Child Behavior, Mothers’ Personality, Dentistry
Full-Text [PDF 213 kb]   (1169 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Special
Received: 2004/07/31 | Accepted: 2005/03/15 | Published: 2005/09/13
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Tabatabaei S M, Nematollahi H, Shakeri Manesh F. The Relationship between Children’s Behavior in Dental Offices and Their Mothers’ Personality Characteristics. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2005; 5 (1) :65-69
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-621-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 1 (spring 2005) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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