:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2006) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2006, 6(4): 363-367 Back to browse issues page
Mortality Rate in Patients with Intracranial Hemorrhage and Its Risk Factors at Alavi Hospital, Ardabil
Rahman Parniya, Darioush Savadi Oskuei , Seyedabbas Mousavi
Abstract:   (6437 Views)

 Background & Objectives: Stroke is the third cause of mortality after cardiovascular diseases and cancer. It is also the most common debilitating neurologic disorder. Considering the high prevalence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its mortality, it seems quite necessary to study the frequency of ICH risk factors and its mortality related to size and region of hemorrhage.

 Methods: 157 ICH patient units were studied to determine hemorrhage size and region via CT Scan reports. Patients were followed to record the mortality and a questionnaire was filled out for them. The data were analysed by SPSS version 13.

 Results: Females constituted 57.9% of the 157 patients and the rest were males. Mortality rate was 37.6%. Most of the patients were in 70-79 years age group. Hemorrhage had the highest frequency found in putamen (39.4%). Hemorrhage size less than 20 cm3 had the highest frequency among living patients and hemorrhage size in a range of 20-100 cm3 was most common among expired patients. There was a statistically significant relationship between mortality and hemorrhage size (P<0.05). Intraventricular hemorrhage was more frequent among expired patients (p<0.05). There was also a statistically significant relationship between a history of cardiovascular disease and mortality rate (P<0.05).

 Conclusions: Intraventricular hemorrhage and hemorrhage size were significantly related to mortality rate.

Keywords: Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Mortality Rate, Risk Factors, Hemorrhage Size
Full-Text [PDF 86 kb]   (6644 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2005/07/19 | Accepted: 2006/12/11 | Published: 2007/04/23

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Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2006) Back to browse issues page