:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (summer 2018) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2018, 18(2): 252-260 Back to browse issues page
A Study of Carotid Arterial Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) Changes based on Clinical and Para-Clinical Indexes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Manocher Iran-parvar , Hasan Anari , Seyed Taha Ghoreishi, Mohammad Javad Naghi-zadeh , SHadab Mirfakhrayi
Department of Skin and Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (2388 Views)
 Background & objectives: Ultrasonography as a non-invasive, inexpensive and generally available method has been used to measure of the intima-media thickness (IMT) of carotid arteries changes and finding its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors and vascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the carotid arterial wall thickness (IMT) changes based on clinical and para-clinical indexes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 100 patients with type 2 DM were randomly selected from all patients admitted to diabetes clinics and were considered in terms of clinical and paraclinical indexes of systemic atherosclerosis. Both types of IMT (TA and TB) were measured by ultrasonography in six locations of the carotid system. The intensity of these two values was calculated compared with the normal IMT and also, its relationship with clinical and para clinical indexes were determined. The results were statistically analyzed using SPSS software version 19. 
Results: In this study, more than 80% of patients had IMT upper than normal. There was a significant difference between the severe increase of IMT and effective variables such as sex, smoking, physical inactivity, dyslipidemia and poor blood glucose control.
Conclusions: This study showed that the DM and factors such as sex, smoking, physical inactivity had a significant effect on the increasing IMT compared to the normal range.
Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes, Carotid Arterial Wall Thickness, Ardabil
Full-Text [PDF 138 kb]   (463 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/12/21 | Accepted: 2018/05/20 | Published: 2018/07/1

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Volume 18, Issue 2 (summer 2018) Back to browse issues page