:: Volume 17, Issue 2 (summer 2017) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2017, 17(2): 174-188 Back to browse issues page
Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Coronary Heart Disease by Geographic Information System Arc GIS in Ardabil Province
Jinous Gamissi , Mohammadtaqi Masoumi , Adallat Hossinian
Department of Geography, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (1694 Views)
Background & objectives: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of mortality and disability around the world. Determination of the health status and spatial and temporal patterns of the disease prevalence has a major role in health planning.
This study aimed to investigate the spatiotemporal pattern of CAD in Ardabil Province.
Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed using the data belonging to 60156 patients with history of hospital admission due to CAD in Ardabil Province during 2010-2015. Hospitalization Rate (HR) was calculated after classification of the data in terms of location and date of hospitalization. The spatiotemporal and demographic variables, including age, gender, type of CAD, periods and duration of hospitalization were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ANOVA and repeated measures in SPSS v23 statistical software. Spatial distribution maps were drawn for each month and year in ArcGIS 10.2.
Results: Of 60156 hospitalized patients with CAD diagnosis, men (58%) were more in number than women (42%). The majority of hospitalized patients fell in the age range 60-69 years (25.3%), and 92.40% of patients were hospitalized for less than 7 days. An ascending pattern was observed in temporal hospitalization trend in Khalkhal and a descending trend in Ardabil. The lowest hospitalization rate, however, was observed in Kosar city despite the ascending trend. During the research period, the greatest decline in hospitalization rate was observed in temporal trend in Bilasuvar, Meshkinshahrand Namin cities, and the largest increase was observed in Germi, Pars-Abad and Kosar cities.
Conclusion: By using the comprehensive technology, GIS, spatiotemporal distribution and CAD trend during 2011-2015 were modeled in Ardabil province. Spatiotemporal trend of CAD in Ardabil province and allied cities indicated the necessity of paying more attention and studying community for further prevention of the disease. Community-based interventions should be implemented for prevention of risk factors of CAD during childhood and adolescence especially in the districts with high risk.
Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Hospitalization Rate, Spatiotemporal Pattern, GIS, Ardabil.
Full-Text [PDF 443 kb]   (495 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/03/15 | Accepted: 2017/05/22 | Published: 2017/07/1

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Volume 17, Issue 2 (summer 2017) Back to browse issues page