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:: Volume 16, Number 4 (winter 2017) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2017, 16(4): 374-388 Back to browse issues page
Optimal Site Selection of Urban Hospitals Using GIS Software in Ardabil City
Mehdi Parsa Moghadam , Mohammadhossein Yazdani, Afshar Seyyedin, Manouchehr Pashazadeh
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (1132 Views)

Background & objectives: Construction of new service centers including hospitals is expensive and requires optimal site selection for these centers so that all citizens benefit from its increased productivity. It can also help them lower their costs. This study investigates the optimal locations for construction of hospitals in Ardabil using GIS software.

Methods: This is an applied research which incorporates a descriptive-analytic methodology. The data is made up of 11 criteria; proximity to densely populated areas, proximity to green space, closeness to main thoroughfares, proximity to fire departments and distance from existing hospitals, industrial centers, slopes, learning centers, cemetery, military bases and from sport facilities. They were all weighted using analytic network process (ANP) model.

Results: After performing the necessary calculations and evaluations, the highest and lowest weight of criteria belonged to the proximity to densely populated areas (0.229) and distance from the cemetery (0.033), respectively. According to the criteria weights and overlapping of layers, the most and least favorable locations for the establishment of hospitals were identified.

Conclusion: Results of the classification showed the best location for construction of hospitals in Ardabil city based on four municipal regions. In region one it belongs to the 8th, 5th, 2nd, and 11th districts in region two districts of 6 and 7 which cover southeastern edge of the city, in region 3 districts of 1, 2, 6, 7, 8 and 10 which contain the western part of the city, and in region four it belongs to districts of 1, 2, 6, 7, 10 and 11 that encompass the blocks in the northern and north-western route of the city. These regions can be used for construction of new hospitals in order to improve people’s access to healthcare services.

Keywords: Optimal Site Selection, Geographic Information Systems, Analytic Network Process (ANP) Model, Health Centers
Full-Text [PDF 914 kb]   (1206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2016/10/22 | Accepted: 2016/12/21 | Published: 2016/12/30
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Parsa Moghadam M, Yazdani M, Seyyedin A, Pashazadeh M. Optimal Site Selection of Urban Hospitals Using GIS Software in Ardabil City . J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2017; 16 (4) :374-388
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1247-en.html
Volume 16, Number 4 (winter 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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