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:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (spring 2016) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2016, 16(1): 53-64 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Simulated Intermittent Altitude on the Metabolic and Hematologic Parameters in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats
Mehdi Faramoushi , Ramin Amir Sasan, Sari Sarraf Vahid, Pouran Karimi
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (7903 Views)

Background & objectives: Type II diabetes is a metabolic disorder accompanied with insulin resistance of the whole body cells and is considered be the fifth cause of death in the world. Adaptation to altitude can lead to tolerance to many diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of simulated intermittent altitude on the metabolic and hematologic parameters and liver function in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.

Methods: In the current experimental study, twenty four male Wistar rats weighing 220±20 gr were randomly divided into three groups; normal control group (NC, n=8), diabetic control group (D, n=8) received fat diet for 2 weeks then were injected with streptozotocin (37 mg/kg) and diabetic+hypoxia group (D+H, n=8) including diabetic rat exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (PiO2≈106 mm Hg, simulated altitude≈3400 m, 14% oxygen for 8 weeks). Diabetic, hematologic and lipid parameters as well as ALT and AST activities were measured in peripheral blood.

Results: Our findings showed that intermittent hypoxia significantly decreased serum total cholesterol, LDL ,VLDL and triglyceride in D+H group compared to D group (p<0.05). Serum levels of fasting blood glucose and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance )HOMA-IR( index and ALT were decreased in D+H group vs. D group )p<0.05). Also, hemoglubin and hematocrite level increased in D+H group in comparison to D group )p<0.05). No significant difference was detected in red blood cell count in D+H vs. D group.

Conclusion: Based on resultant data, it seems that intermittent exposure to hypoxia (simulated to chronic and intermittent lodgement in altitude) can be used to control of type 2 diabetes by increasing hemoglobin, decreasing insulin resistance and improving liver function as well as lipid parameters.

Keywords: Altitude, Blood Glucose, Hematology, Wistar Rats, Type II Diabetes
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Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2015/09/3 | Accepted: 2015/11/17 | Published: 2016/04/16
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Faramoushi M, Amir Sasan R, Vahid S S, Karimi P. Effect of Simulated Intermittent Altitude on the Metabolic and Hematologic Parameters in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2016; 16 (1) :53-64
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1044-en.html

Volume 16, Issue 1 (spring 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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