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:: Volume 5, Number 2 (Summer 2005) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2005, 5(2): 160-166 Back to browse issues page
A Study of Maslow Hierarchical Needs among Staff of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences and Their Satisfaction, 2002
Shahnam Arshi , Homayoun Sadeghi, Shahram Seifnejad, Parviz Salemsafi, Mehrdad Biria
Abstract:   (3632 Views)

 Background & Objectives: The unsatisfied demands of employees can present itself in different forms such as lower output, efficacy, effectiveness and aborted objectives of the organization. Periodic evaluation and investigation of the demands of staff can increase satisfaction and motivation among them.

 Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study stratified systematic sampling was used for selecting the employees both with and without academic education. The total sample size was 615. The data were collected by means of a two-section questionnaire and analyzed by EPI Info 2002 and SPSS (ver.11) statistical packages.

 Results: 23.2% the staff members were not satisfied with their job. 26.9% of those bearing an academic cerrtificate were not happy with their field of study. 63% of the personnel were not satisfied with the health authorities’ attitude towards their welfare state. There was a 51% dissatisfaction regarding the concern about the issues related to the staff. There was also a 44.2% of dissatisfaction among the staff members about the performance of the related deputies. 35.9% of the personnel were not satisfied with their manager about paying attention to their problems. The staff requirements were graded as follows: self-actualization, respectability, social belonging, security and physiologic needs. There was a reverse relation between the personnel satisfaction and level of management. The findings indicated that the staff were more satisfied with their direct manager (64%) compared with university administrations (49%). There was a significant relation between the personnel satisfaction and their level of education (p<0.05). The relation between satisfaction with organization performance and sex was not statistically significant. The findings indicated a significant relation between type of education and different levels of personnel’s needs. The relationship between satisfaction and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs was investigated using Chi-square test, which indicated a statistically significant relationship only between group D needs and job satisfaction (p<0.05).

 Conclusion: Staff satisfaction with university administrations of Ardabil university of medical sciences and health services was low. Moreover, the self-actualization and self-esteem needs were of high priority among the employees.

Keywords: Maslow\'s Hierarchy of Needs, Job Satisfaction, Staff
Full-Text [PDF 203 kb]   (1393 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2004/03/6 | Accepted: 2005/09/7 | Published: 2005/11/13
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Arshi S, Sadeghi H, Seifnejad S, Salemsafi P, Biria M. A Study of Maslow Hierarchical Needs among Staff of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences and Their Satisfaction, 2002. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2005; 5 (2) :160-166
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-603-en.html
Volume 5, Number 2 (Summer 2005) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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