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:: Volume 9, Number 4 (winter 2009) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2009, 9(4): 315-324 Back to browse issues page
Marital Satisfaction and Marital Intimacy in Employed and Unemployed Pregnant Women of Ardebil City
Roya Motavalli, Gity Ozgoli , Maryam Bakhtiari, Hamid Alavi Majd
Abstract:   (5705 Views)

 

 Background and objectives: Employed pregnant women have to do their jobs in addition to fulfill their house wife role and behavior, while changes physical and psychological change and needs of pregnant women in home and work place cause some problem for them. Marital satisfactions is one of the criteria’s of mental health, that employment and marital intimacy are it’s influential factors it is different in various societies and are influenced by personal and social characters of community. This study was conducted to compare marital satisfaction and intimacy in employed and unemployed pregnant women in Ardabil.

  Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 93 employed and 93 unemployed pregnant women referred to health and treatment centers of Ardebil University of Medical Science, and private clinics of Ardabil. We gathered data by an information form, Enrich Marital Satisfactions Questionnaires and Bagarozi Couple Intimacy Questionnaires. Validity of questionnaires assessed through validity of content and their reliability measured by Cronbach α . Questionnaires were filled by pregnant women. The data analyzed by SPSS 16 soft ware using T-Test, Man-vitny, chi-square, Correlation coefficient, variance analysis, and LSD tests).

  Results: There was no significant difference between mean of marital satisfaction and general intimacy in employed and unemployed pregnant women. p > 0.05. There was significant correlation between intimacy and satisfaction expect body intimacy (p < 0.01). There was significant difference between marital satisfactions of pregnancy in different trimester. This difference was significant between first and last trimester. It was not significant between first & second & third trimester. 69.9% of unemployed pregnant women and 66.7% of employed pregnant women had relative and medium marital satisfaction and 93.5% of unemployed pregnant women and 94.6% of employed pregnant women had medium intimacy.

  Conclusion: It seems that employment had no effect on marital satisfaction and intimacy. Considering that most samples had medium intimacy satisfaction, educational programs and consulting is recommended.

Keywords: Marital Satisfaction, Marital Intimacy, Employed Women, Unemployed Women
Full-Text [PDF 195 kb]   (1647 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2009/07/30 | Accepted: 2010/01/12 | Published: 2010/03/18
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Motavalli R, Ozgoli G, Bakhtiari M, Alavi Majd H. Marital Satisfaction and Marital Intimacy in Employed and Unemployed Pregnant Women of Ardebil City. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2009; 9 (4) :315-324
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-244-en.html
Volume 9, Number 4 (winter 2009) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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